Resources for People with Disabilities, Access & Functional Needs

Disaster Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program


September 13, 2017

D-SNAP Basics


 D-SNAP provides temporary food assistance for households affected by a natural disaster

Provides one month of benefits to eligible survivors who are not current recipients

Provides a supplemental SNAP benefit for ongoing households up to a maximum for household size

Lived (or worked) in the identified disaster area, been affected by the disaster, and meet certain eligibility criteria

 Large number of households have disaster-related expenses not considered by the regular program and the need is so great that the vastly streamlined D-SNAP certification process is warranted

 When to do a D-SNAP

Must have Presidential Declaration with Individual Assistance 

Must have commercial channels of food distribution restored and families able to purchase and prepare food at home

Ensure proper public information, staffing, and resources are in place

 Effective collaboration and communication among various government agencies is essential to serve those in need in the aftermath of a disaster

 D-SNAP is not appropriate if floodwaters have not receded, power has not been restored to the area, roads are impassable, or retailers are not operational. Under these circumstances, FNS encourages States to delay the implementation of D-SNAP operations until the program can more effectively serve households as they begin to return to their homes and regain the ability to shop, cook, and store food.


D-SNAP Eligibility


 Net income is used instead of gross income

 Accessible liquid assets are considered

 Allowances for disaster-related expenses (evacuation expenses, home/business repairs, etc.)

 Verification rules are relaxed due to administrative burdens

Identity must be verified

Residency and loss of income/liquid assets should be verified where possible

Household composition and food loss may be verified if questionable

 D-SNAP operations are for a limited time, typically 7 days

 D-SNAP benefits are issued to eligible applicants within 72 hours, speeding assistance to disaster survivors and reducing the administrative burden on State agencies operating in post-disaster conditions.


FNS Lessons Learned


 FNS recommends beginning program operations: 

No earlier than 1 week after the disaster struck; 

At least 2 days after FNS approval, to allow sufficient time for publicity, staff training, and site preparations; 

After preliminary damage assessments, power outage, flood and/or evacuation maps are available in order to estimate the number of potential applicants and areas where it may be appropriate to target mass replacements/supplements. 

  Ensure enough SNAP retailers in the disaster area have working POS terminals


Helpful links for post-Irma assistance:

State and local government and organizations can help residents in many ways:



 Disaster Assistance  -

Residents who sustained losses in counties declared disaster may apply for assistance online at:


Residents who suffered damage from the storm may register now

And if the county is later included in the declaration, he application will be processed automatically.

 Homeowners as a direct result of a disaster also may be offered temporary mortgage relief, even if their home was spared.

Click here to find out more about their programs.

You can look up your loan agency here for Fannie and here for Freddie.

To talk with a Department of Housing and Urban Development-approved housing counselor before agreeing to forbearance, call 1-800-569-4287.

Here are some other links that may be helpful in learning more about forbearance mortgage relief in the wake of Hurricane Irma.

IRS  Those who extended their 2016 income tax filings can submit next year. It’s not a payment extension but a filing extension.

 Credit card companies  offer a similar disaster forbearance upon request.

 SCORE assistance for small businesses:



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